Extended Chronography

"My survival in my works, that I desire... I never think of it, for, having thrown the ball as best I could, I cannot be certain whether it will fall on land or sea or into that precipice from which nothing ever returns."

This chronography was drawn from Henri Matisse: A Guide to Research, Catharine C. Bock-Weiss, New York and London, 1996.

1869 - December 31; birth of Henri-Emile-Benoît Matisse at Le Cateau-Cambresis, home of his maternal grandparents.

1872 - Birth of his brother, Emile-Auguste (dies 1874).

1874 - Birth of brother, Auguste-Emile.

1882-7 - Attends the College de Saint-Quentin and the Lycee Henri- Martin at Saint-Quentin.

1887 - Studies law in Paris.

1888 - Passes law examinations in August; returns to Saint-Quentin.

1889 - Works as a clerk in a law office in Saint-Quentin; studies drawing in early morning classes at the municipal Ecole Quentin de La Tour, a school of decorative arts.

1890 - Begins to paint while recuperating from appendicitis; studies with Emmanuel Croize, a gifted young teacher.

1891 - Goes to Paris to study art; works with Gabriel Ferrier and Adolphe-W. Bouguereau at the Academy Julien.

1892 - Fails to pass entrance examination to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in February; meets Albert Marquet in classes at the Ecole des Arts Decoratifs in October; meets Georges Rouault and Simon Bussy when accepted by Gustave Moreau as a student.

1894 - Birth of his daughter Marguerite Emilienne to his companion,Caroline Joblaud, in Paris.

1895 - Enters the Ecole des Beaux-Arts after passing entrance examinations in March; paints in Britanny with Emile Wery in summer; sees large Cézanne exhibition at Vollard's gallery.

1896 - Exhibits five paintings at the Salon of the Societe Nationale des Beaux-Arts, and is elected an associate member.

1897 - Exhibits The Dinner Table, a major work encouraged by Moreau, at the Salon of the Nationale; meets Camille Pissarro; on third summer trip to Britanny, acquires two Van Gogh drawings through John Russell, an Australian painter.

1898 - Marries Amelie Noemie Alexandrine Parayre in January; spends honeymoon in London; from February to August lives in Ajaccio, Corsica. Reads Paul Signac's "From Eugene'. Delacroix to Neo-Impressionnisme" in La Revue blanche.
Moreau dies in April. Spends August through January 1899 in Beauzelle and Fenouillet, near Toulouse, his wife's native region.

1899 - Son, Jean Gerard, born in Toulouse in January. Returns to Paris, living at 19, Quai Saint-Michel; works in studios of Fernand Connon and Eugene Carriere for a short time; meets Andre Derain and Jean Puy.

1900 - Birth of son, Pierre, in June at Bohain; paints decorations for the Exposition Universelle; begins sculpture classes in the evenings at the Ecole d' Art Municipale and works under Bourdelle at the Grande-Chaumiere for the next three years.

1901 - Exhibits first time at Salon des Independants; meets Maurice Vlarninck at Van Gogh retrospective at Bernheim-Jeune Gallery. Visits Switzerland with his father to recover from bronchitis; his allowance is discontinued after his father sees his work at the Independants.

1902 - Shows at Berthe Weill gallery; stays with parents in Bohain in winter because of lack of money.

1903 - Lives with his family in Lesquielles-Saint-Gennain, near Bohain, from July to end of the year. Exhibits at first Salon d' Automne in Paris.

1904 - First one-man show at Vollard's in June, catalogue by Roger Marx. Becomes friendly with Signac and visits with him in Saint- Tropez during the summer, beginning Luxe, Gaime et Volupte. Begins to hyphenate his name to distinguish it from
that of another painter, Auguste Matisse.

1905 - Exhibits neo-impressionist canvas, Luxe, calme et volupte, at the Independants. Summers in Collioure where he paints first "Fauve" canvases with Derain. Woman with Hat purchased by the Steins from the Salon d' Automne, where future "Fauves" are first noted by the critics; rents a studio at the Couvent des
Oiseaux at 56, rue de Sevres.

1906 - One-man show at Galerie Druet; shows Bonheur de Vivre at Independants. Goes to Biskra, Algeria, for two weeks in March; meets Picasso and (uture patron, Sergei Shchukin, Does first lithographs; buys first African sculpture.

1907 - Visits the Steins in Florence, Italy, in the summer; also sees Arezzo, Padua, Siena, and Venice; late summer in Collioure.

1908 - Opens his school in January at 56, rue de Sevres; moves to the Hotel Biron at 33, Boulevard des Invalides. Makes two trips to Gennany with Hans Purrmann: first to Munich, Nuremberg and Heidelberg in Spring, then in Fall to Berlin for his show at Paul Cassirer's gallery (an exhibit both reduced in size and closed earlier than expected.) First American show at 291 gallery; a small retrospective at the Salon d' Automne.
Publishes "Notes of a Painter" in La Grande revue in December.

1909 - Summers in Cavaliere; moves to a house in suburban Issy-les- Moulineaux in Fall; signs a contract with Bernheim-Jeune Gallery.

1910 - Retrospective at Bernheim-Jeune Gallery in February; second exhibition at 291 Gallery. Sees exhibit of Islamic art in Munich; exhibits Music and Dance at Salon d' Automne. Death of his father; depressed, he travels in Spain: Seville, Granada, and Cordoba.

1911 - Closes his school in late Spring; summers in Collioure; visits Moscow in November at Shchukin's invitation.

1912 - Visits Morocco from January to April; returns in Autumn until February of 1913, returning by way of Corsica. Sees exhibition of Persian miniatures at Musee des Arts Decoratifs.

1913 - Shows Moroccan paintings at Bernheim-Jeune Gallery. Exhibits at Armory Show in New York and at Berlin Secession. Summers at Issy; rents a studio again at 19, Quai Saint-Michel.

1914 - Works on etchings, lithographs; exhibits at Gurlitt Gallery in Berlin, where the work is confiscated at the outbreak of war. Goes to Collioure when World War I begins, becomes friendly with Juan Gris there. Mother and brother behind enemy lines
in Le Cateau.

1915 - Exhibits at Montross Gallery in New York; visits Arcachon, near Bordeaux, in summer; visits Marseille with Marquet in November.

1916 - Works in Paris and Issy; begins to work with the model
Lorette.

1917 - Meets Monet; summers at Issy; in December visits Marseille,then Nice, and sees Renoir in Cagnes.

1918 - Spends winter in Nice; summers at Issy, then goes to Cherbourg. Visits Bonnard in Antibes, Renoir in Cagnes; settles in a room at the Hotel Mediterranee in Nice.

1919 - Exhibits at Bernheim-Jeune Gallery and Leicester Galleries in London. Summer in Issy; trip to London to design sets and costumes for Diaghilev's ballet Le Chant du Rossignol in Fall.

1920 Death in January of Matisse's mother in Bohain. Exhibits at Bernheim-Jeune Gallery; sees Le Chant du Rossignol in London; visits Etretat in July. Begins to work with model Henriette Darricarrere, who will be his main model for the next
seven years.

1921 - Exhibits at Bernheim-Jeune; summers at Etretat; rents a larger apartment at 1, Place Charles-Felix in Nice, where he will remain until1938.The Luxembourg purchases Odalisque with Red Trousers. the first French museum purchase of a Matisse.

1922 - Begins an series of lithographs; divides time between Nice and
Paris.

1923 - Daughter Marguerite marries Georges Duthuit, a Byzantine Art scholar.

1924 - Retrospective at Bernheim-Jeune Gallery; largest retrospective to date at the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen.

1925 - Travels to southern Italy with wife, daughter, and son-in-law.

1927 - Exhibits at Valentine Dudensing Gallery in New York; wins first prize at Carnegie International in Pittsburgh.

1928 - Mme Matisse comes to live permanently with her husband in Nice; in Fall, they move to a new larger space on the fourth floor of the same building. Works more in etchings, drypoint and lithography; continues to work in sculpture which he resumed in 1925.

1930 - In Spring, travels to Tahiti, stopping off in New York and San Francisco on the way. Spends three months in Tahiti. Returns to the United States to serve on Carnegie International jury (first prize awarded to Picasso); visits Barnes Foundation in Merion, Pennsylvania, (where Barnes proposes his mural commission) and Etta Cone in Baltimore, Maryland. Retrospective at Thannhauser Gallery in Berlin.

1931 - Retrospective at Galeries Georges Petit in Paris and important exhibitions at the Kunsthalle in Basel and the Museum of Modem Art in New York. Birth of Marguerite and Georges Duthuit's son, Claude, in Paris.

1932 - Begins a new version of the Barnes Foundation mural after discovering that he had worked for a year with the wrong dimensions. Poesies de Stéphane Mallarmé with illustrations by Matisse is published by Skira.

1933 Completes Barnes mural and travels to Merion for its installation; recuperates at a spa near Venice; restudies Giotto's frescoes at Padua.

1934 - Works on illustrations for James Joyce's Ulysses.

1935 -  Begins to work with Lydia Delectorskaya as his major model; she will remain with him until his death as companion,secretary, and model.

1936 -  Exhibits at Paul Rosenberg Gallery, Paris, henceforth his major dealer; publishes drawings in special issue of Cahiers d'Art; begins small cut-paper work.

1937 -  Accepts commission for costume and sets for Ballets Russes de Monte Carlo's production, Rouge et Noir; exhibits in special room of the Exposition Internationale's show, Maitres de l'Art Independant.

1938 - Moves to the Hotel Regina in Cimiez, a suburb of Nice; paints an ove~antel for Nelson A. Rockefeller's New York apartment.

1939 - Separates from his wife, Amelie Matisse; premiere of Rouge et Noir in Monte Carlo; revises scenery for Paris opening in June; auction in Lucerne of Matisse work confiscated from German museums by Nazi government; visits Geneva to see an exhibition of Spanish painting and tapestries from the Prado. When France enters the war, returns to Paris in October; then returns to Nice.

1940 - Obtains a Brazilian passport but decides to remain in France; stores work in Paris at the Banque de France; legal separation from Mme Matisse is finalized.

1941 - Is operated in Lyons for duodenal cancer, nearly dies from post-operative embolism. Returns to Nice in May; begins work on illustrations for Florilège des Amours de Ronsard, Henri de Montherlant's Pasiphae. and drawings for Themes et
variations
.

1942 - Works on Poemes of Charles d'Orleans; in contact with Picasso and Bonnard.

1943 - Moves to Villa le Rêve in Vence because of air raids in Cimiez; works on cut-outs for what will be known as Jazz. Themes et variations is published with text by Louis Aragon.

1944 - Works on illustrations for Baudelaire's Fleurs du Mal; Pasiphae: Chant de Minos (Les Cretois) is published with linocut designs and illustrations by Matisse. Mme Matisse and Marguerite are arrested for resistance activities.

1945 - Matisse stays in Paris from July to November at 132, Boulevard Montpamasse. Exhibits in joint one-man show with Picasso at Victoria and Albert Museum in London;
retrospective at Salon d' Automne; inaugural show at Galerie Maeght in Paris with six paintings from 1938-1944 with photographs of preceding states.

1946 - Illustrates Lettres d'une religieuse portugaise and Pierre
Reverdy's Visages; makes cut-paper maquettes for Oceania
tapestries.

1947 - Teriade publishes Jazz; Baudelaire's Fleurs du mal and Andre Rouveyre's Repli, both with Matisse's illustrations, are published.

1948 - Begins work on the Chapel of the Rosary for the Dominican sisters at Vence; designs a St. Dominic for the church of Notre-Dame-de- Toute-Grace in Assy. Retrospective at the Philadelphia Museum of Art; Florilege des amours de Ronsard
is published. Etta and Claribel Cone's collection is bequeathed to the Baltimore Museum of Art upon the former's death.

1949 - Returns to the Hotel Regina in Cimiez. First substantial showing of cut-paper work, at Pierre Matisse gallery in New York; retrospectives in Lucerne and at the Musee National d' Art Moderne in Paris.

1950 - Exhibition of Vence chapel maquettes and large selection of sculptures at the Maison de la Pensee Fran~aise in Paris; wins Grand Prize at Venice Biennale (which he asks to share with his friend Henri Laurens); publication of Poemes de Charles
d'OrLeans
.

1951 - Consecration of the Chapel of the Rosary in June; retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, accompanied by the publication of Alfred H. Barr, Jr.'s monograph, Henri Matisse, His Art and His Public.

1952 - Matisse museum'at Le Cateau-Cambresis is inaugurated; continues to work almost exclusively on ambitious paper cut- out works, including Swimming Pool, the largest of his cut-outs.

1953 - First exhibition devoted exclusively to the cut-outs, at Berggruen et Cie. in Paris; retrospective at the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek in Copenhagen.

1954 - Publishes Portraits, with an introduction composed especially for the volume of thirty-nine portraits; completes maquette for a rose window at the Union Church of Pocantico Hills, New York, commissioned by Nelson A. Rockefeller in memory of
his mother, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller. Dies on November 3,1954, in Nice; is buried at Cimiez, November 8.

Matisse, like his friend Bonnard, loved cats. He lived at Villa le Rêve with Minouche and Coussi, who it is said, had an "M" for Matisse on his forehead.